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ASI Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Discussion Response

ASI Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Discussion Response


Reply to Janelka:

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a complex mental health condition that can occur after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. In Sanderson’s Counseling and Skills for Trauma, four categories of PTSD symptoms the main criteria for the diagnosis of PTSD are divided into the following four categories: intrusive symptoms, avoidance symptoms, alterations in cognitions and mood and alterations in arousal (Sanderson, 2014). 

   Intrusive symptoms refer to the involuntary and distressing re-experiencing of the traumatic event. They can manifest as intrusive thoughts, nightmares, flashbacks, or intense psychological or physiological distress when exposed to cues that resemble or symbolize the traumatic event (Sanderson, 2014). Intrusiveness can be particularly challenging for individuals with PTSD due to several reasons:

1. Lack of control: Intrusive symptoms can make individuals feel as if they have limited control over their own minds and experiences. The intrusive memories and flashbacks can occur suddenly and without warning, disrupting their daily lives and activities. This lack of control can be distressing and disempowering, leading to a sense of helplessness.

2. Emotional intensity: Intrusive symptoms often involve a high level of emotional intensity. When individuals experience flashbacks or vivid memories of the traumatic event, they may re-experience the fear, horror, or other strong negative emotions associated with the trauma. This emotional intensity can be overwhelming and may lead to heightened anxiety, panic, or a sense of being completely overwhelmed.

3. Interference with functioning: Intrusive symptoms can significantly interfere with an individual’s ability to concentrate, focus, or engage in daily activities. The distressing nature of intrusive thoughts, nightmares, or flashbacks can make it challenging to maintain relationships, work, or engage in social activities. This interference with functioning can contribute to a sense of frustration, isolation, and a loss of a sense of normalcy.

4. Triggering of physiological responses: Intrusive symptoms can also trigger physiological responses associated with the traumatic event. For example, a person who experienced a car accident may experience a rapid heart rate, sweating, or shortness of breath when they encounter stimuli that remind them of the accident. These physiological responses can further intensify the distress and reinforce the association between the traumatic event and the distressing symptoms.

5. Avoidance and hypervigilance: Intrusiveness can interact with other symptom categories of PTSD. Individuals may engage in avoidance behaviors or develop hypervigilance in an attempt to prevent or reduce the occurrence of intrusive symptoms. However, these coping strategies can further complicate the individual’s ability to cope with the trauma and may contribute to the maintenance of the disorder.

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