Your Perfect Assignment is Just a Click Away

We Write Custom Academic Papers

100% Original, Plagiarism Free, Customized to your instructions!


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Your Name

Professor Wilson RN

Introduction to Nursing



Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

COPD is a respiratory disease characterized by airway obstruction, causing patients breathing difficulties. It is progressive and non-reversible.


COPD patients are at risk of their symptoms becoming suddenly worse and thus needing admission to hospital.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

When you breath, air travels through tubes in your lungs called Bronchioles into millions of tiny sacs (Alveoli). In a healthy lung, the airways are open and the air sacs fill up with O2. Then gas exchange/CO2 comes quickly out.



Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

COPD includes the following conditions.


Emphysema is associated with damage of the air sacs and/ or collapse of the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs.

Chronic Bronchitis is increased cough and mucus production caused by Inflammation of the airways. Bronchitis is considered chronic (or long-term).

Refractory (non-reversible) asthma

Some forms of bronchiectasis


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Factors increasing the risk for COPD


Smoking is the most important factor in increasing the risk in developing COPD, but not all smokers develop COPD.


Socio-economic status may be measured by occupational, education, income or other indices of social class.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Individual Factor




Environment Factor

Occupational dust and chemicals

Indoor and Outdoor air pollution


Socio-economic status


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

COPD Exacerbation


When a patient COPD respiratory symptoms flare up and become much worse than usual.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


800,000 Patients are hospitalize each year in the U.S. for COPD.

Women are diagnosed with chronic bronchitis twice the rate of men.

In 2011 6.8 million women were diagnosed with COPD compared to 3.3 million in men.

65 million people world wide with COPD.


National Heart Lung and Blood Institute


Use an inhaled medication.

Attend pulmonary rehabilitation to help learn to manage symptoms.

Exercise to improve strength and breathing.

Quit smoking.

Avoid pollution when possible.



Learn COPD (2016) Retrieved from


Health Factsheet Socio-economic factors and COPD

(2001 – 2006) Retrieved from


The World Health Organization’s(2015 August) Accessed

Order Solution Now

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Writers Hero only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Writers Hero are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Writers Hero is known for timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Writers Hero, we have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.